Foam concrete used as thermal insulation material
Following the progress in Russia-Ukraine peace talks, the gold price fell more than 1% the next day, hitting its lowest in a month, and palladium prices briefly tumbled by nearly 9%.
"We have seen metal prices going into free fall when the Russia-Ukraine situation is likely to see a major detente, which spurred people's risk preference and optimism that the war could end at a time," said OANDA senior market analyst.
A Russian deputy defense minister says Moscow has decided to sharply curtail its military activities around Kyiv and Chernikov in Ukraine, following talks between Russian and Ukrainian representatives in Istanbul.
Where the prices of metals, natural gas, and commodities like the concrete foaming agent will go in the future, is still very uncertain.
Foam concrete contains a large number of closed pores, the air in the pores is a good adiabatic medium, which can cut off the heat exchange. The lower the density, the more pores, the better the adiabatic property. Especially when the density is less than 500 μ m? The thermal conductivity of foamed concrete is less than 0.09w/m.k. Generally speaking, the material with thermal conductivity lower than 0.23 is called thermal insulation material, and the thermal insulation material lower than 0.14w/m.k is called thermal insulation material. Most of the foamed concrete is lower than 0.14w/m.k, and most of them are lower than 0.09w/m.k, so it is a good thermal insulation material.
1. Used for thermal insulation in buildings
Building thermal insulation if all the application of foam concrete, including roof thermal insulation layer, wall insulation layer, floor heating insulation layer (or cushion), is equivalent to using foam concrete to wrap the whole house, one square meter building area needs 0.2m3~0.5m3 foam concrete (roof, floor, four walls are calculated by 5cm insulation layer), a building with a building area of 10,000 square meters, you need foam concrete 2000m3~5000m3.
2. Used for building thermal insulation block
Non-load-bearing thermal insulation block: density 300kg/m3, thermal conductivity 0.05~0.08W/ m k, compressive strength 0.5MPa. The thermal insulation effect of this kind of block is the most ideal, and it is the product with the largest demand for building energy saving and the most lacking in the market. Ultra-light block is the development direction of foam concrete, it can achieve integrated thermal insulation, the wall itself can meet the requirements of 65% energy saving, save the external thermal insulation treatment, and reduce the building thermal insulation cost by 40%, 50%.
Load-bearing thermal insulation block: density 1000~1200kg/m3, compressive strength greater than 10MPa, thermal conductivity 0.18-0.22; it is lighter than red brick, but the thermal insulation is twice as high. This kind of block can completely replace red brick for load-bearing wall, it and thermal insulation, load-bearing, lightweight three functions in one, to replace red brick has great advantages, has a larger market.
3. Used for cold storage heat preservation
Foam was originally used in cold storage thermal insulation, but foam concrete pouring or masonry insulation was used in developed countries because it is easy to aging, shrinking and flammable. It mainly adopts integral cast-in-place, roof, wall, ground all foam concrete cast-in-place, no cold bridge, no gap.
4. Used for thermal insulation of industrial furnace
The main products are fire-resistant and thermal insulation bricks.
Large industrial furnaces such as iron and steel plants, glass plants, ceramic plants, non-ferrous metal smelters and cement calcination kilns need to build a layer of thermal insulation refractory brick on the outside of refractory bricks in order to reduce energy consumption. The original use of floating bead brick, alumina foam brick, the price is very high, now foam concrete refractory brick has replaced the high-priced traditional products, the price is less than half, very competitive.
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Chile's government has decided to create a state-owned lithium enterprise and hopes to establish a model for the company by the end of the year, Mining Minister Marcela Hernando said in an interview.
Chile is the world's second largest lithium producer and has the largest reserves of lithium in the world. The domestic lithium industry is currently dominated by two private companies, Albemarle and SQM.
Chile wants to participate more closely in the booming lithium market after leftist President Gabriel Boric took office in March. The accelerating electrification of the global auto industry has helped push prices of lithium, a key raw material for electric car batteries, to record highs over the past year, lapping up more players, including Mexico and Argentina, who want a piece of the market.
According to Hernando, the government is setting up a task force to determine the best way to run state-owned lithium enterprises. She said the government hopes to establish plans by the end of the year for how the company will develop and what business model it will operate under.
Hernando stressed that while the state would be a major shareholder in the proposed company, it was open to private investment.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology (TRUNNANO) is a global chemical material supplier providing high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials including graphite powder, 3D printing powder, the concrete foaming agent.